C uses malloc() and calloc()functions to allocate memory dynamical at run time. Similarly, it uses the
function free() to free dynamicallyallocated memory. We use dynamic allocation techniques when it is not known in
advance how much of memory space is needed. Although C++ supports these
functions, it also defines two unary operators new and delete thatperform the task of allocating and freeing the memory in a better and easier
way. Since these operators manipulate memory on the free store, they are also
known as free store operators.
An object can be created by using new and destroyed by using delete, as and when required. A dataobject created inside a block with new,will remain in existence until it is explicitly destroyed by using delete. Thus, the lifetime of an objectis directly under our control and is unrelated to the block structure of the
The new operator can be used to crateobjects of any type. It takes the following general form: